Balla surveys and examines the challenges facing any attempt to write a New Testament theology and offers his own program for justifying such an undertaking. With a view toward uncovering a basic unity in the theology of the New Testament, Balla maps how the historian may indeed describe the theological content of the New Testament. He asserts that orthodoxy was not a later development but Christianity in its earliest form. He further avers that the canon's formation was not the result of a late decision; rather, it can be traced to moorings in the first century. Sure to be controversial, Challenges to New Testament Theology holds great promise as a textbook in New Testament courses and as a starting point in the scholarly discussion of the topic.